Basic Brush Shapes. Tips for Artists
§ Round -An all-purpose brush for fine detail and outlining thick to thin lines. Round ferrule, round or pointed tip. Useful for detail, wash and fills. A detailer is a pointed round with very short hair. Use with all media.
§ Flat -For broad, sweeping strokes and for laying in large areas of colour like the sky, or on edge for fine lines. Flat ferrule, square-ended, with medium to long hairs. Provides lots of colour capacity and easy manoeuvrability. Use heavier filling for heavier paint. Use with all media.
§ Shader – For blending and large, even strokes. Creates crisp clean edges.
§ Bright – Similar to Flats, but with shorter stubbier bristles which provides more control than Flats. Produces short, controlled strokes, even with thick or heavy colour. Flat ferrule, short-length hairs, usually set in a long handle. Width and length of the brush head are about equal. Use with oil, acrylic, or decorative paint.
§ Filbert – For edges and areas requiring tight control. Gives a rounded look to a flat stroke and is suitable for blending and figurative work. Thick, flat ferrule and oval-shaped medium to long hairs. Long handles. Natural hair is more suitable for blending because the hairs hold together when wet. Use with oil, acrylic, or decorative paint.
§ Angular – A versatile brush used to paint sharply defined edges. Flat ferrule, short-length hairs, set with longer hairs at one end. Useful for precise strokes, as well as for lines and curves. Use with thick or heavy colour. Use with oil, acrylic, or decorative paint.
§ Fan – For blending and softening the edges of other strokes. Dry brushing to create special effects like grass, trees, hair, and shrubbery. Flat ferrule, spread hairs. Natural hair is more suitable for soft blending, and synthetic works well for textural effects. Use with oil, acrylic, or decorative paint.
§ Wash – For broad strokes and blending or for laying in large areas of water. Wash brushes come in varied shapes. The square wash can produce varying shapes and widths. Use with watercolour.
§ Stroke – Flat ferrule, square-ended medium to long length hairs. Short handles. Carries lots of colours. Great for painting block letters in one stroke.
§ Hake – Oriental-style wash brush on a long flat handle. It is useful for laying in large areas of water or colour, for wetting the surface, and for absorbing excess paint. Use with watercolour or acrylic paint.
§ Liner – Extra-long hairs and a short handle and round ferrule. Carries lots of colours. Handy for delicate lettering, outlining, and long continuous strokes. Also known as an outliner. Large colour carrying capacity. Useful for delicate lettering, outlining, and long continuous strokes. Use with acrylic paint or even ink.
§ Mop – Round, a full version of the wash brush, made of soft, absorbent natural hair. It is useful for laying in large areas of water or colour, for wetting the surface, and for absorbing excess media. Use with watercolour.
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